In order to create the 115 proton element, calcium nuclei (20 protons) were shot into americium atoms (95 protons), essentially smashing them together. This resulted in some of the calcium and americium coming together and forming the 115 proton element, albeit very briefly. The pieces of debris from the experiment allowed researchers to deduce the existence of the new heavy element. Researchers also detected an X-ray signal during the decay that supported the existence of a 115 proton element. If the studies continue to be supported by evidence, the Russian and American scientists who first discovered the element will be given the chance to name it something other than ununpentium. Elements 117 and 118 are also in the process of being confirmed.